Gum recession is uncomfortable, unattractive, and a threat to your teeth. There are many causes of gum recession, and understanding these causes can sometimes lead to correction without any intervention. However, if gum recession has progressed to a certain level, intervention is necessary to restore them. If correcting lifestyle and oral hygiene factors doesn’t improve your gum recession, we recommend nonsurgical gum rejuvenation.

This page can help you understand what causes gum recession in general, but for an evaluation at our Irvine office, please call (949) 556-4588 or email us today.

Genetic and Physiologic Factors That Cause Gum Recession

You can’t do anything about some of the causes of gum recession. These are causes that are genetically linked to you or relate to your body’s natural processes. These include:

  • Increased periodontitis risk
  • Fragile gum tissue
  • Hormones
  • Diabetes and other chronic health conditions

Some studies show that there is a strong tie between periodontal disease and genetic factors. Your genes may predispose you to periodontitis, which is a leading cause of gum recession. Other times, you may not have especially strong gum tissue. It may be thin or sensitive, making it more susceptible to recession. The hormones that flood a woman’s body during pregnancy may also make her more vulnerable to gum disease. Diabetes and other health conditions can predispose you toward gum disease.

Exercising extra care can mediate these factors to some extent, but their influence can never be eliminated.

Oral Health Factors That Cause Gum Recession

Other causes of gum recession can be eliminated by revising your oral hygiene routine or getting better oral healthcare. These include:

  • Failure to brush or floss
  • Failure to see the dentist
  • Aggressive brushing or flossing
  • Grinding or clenching teeth
  • Crooked or crowded teeth

If you aren’t brushing or flossing enough, it allows bacteria to flourish in your mouth, and they can attack your gums. Even if you do a good job with personal oral care, if you don’t see a dentist, hardened plaque, called tartar or dental calculus, will build up. This hardened plaque provides additional shelter for bacteria and often leads to colonization below the gum line. On the other hand, over-aggressive brushing and flossing can damage your gums, causing them to recede.

Bite problems can also put excessive stress on teeth, gums, and jawbone, leading to detachment of the gums and recession.

Lifestyle Factors That Cause Gum Recession

Other times, our lifestyle can cause gum recession. These are often causes that you can stop immediately to see marked improvement in the health and coverage of your gums. Lifestyle choices that are hard on your gums include:

  • Tobacco use, either smoking or chewing tobacco
  • Tongue or lip piercings
  • Frequent vomiting for drinking too much or eating disorders

Although stopping these behaviors may be challenging, if you can stop them, you may preserve your gums.

When You Should Consider Gum Rejuvenation

If you have tried to target oral health and lifestyle factors that may be causing gum recession, but haven’t had much success, or if your dentist is telling you that you need gum surgery, gum rejuvenation may be able to help instead.

To learn whether you are a good candidate for gum rejuvenation, please call (949) 556-4588 today for an appointment at our office in Irvine.